MARCH 2012 - Polands

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MARCH 2012 - Polands

Postby Lordcluck » Tue Feb 28, 2012 5:40 pm

May I Kick off the possibility of the Poland fowl being considered as Breed of the month?

The Poland! One of the oldest recognised breeds of Domestic Fowl, and not just a Novelty, fanciers breed either. . . . .

The Breed's early history, as with so many breeds is shrouded in Mystery. One school of thought suggests Crested fowl were brought west by the Mongol Hordes and their entourage, and wherever they conquered and settled,so each region had it's own version of a crested chicken providing eggs and meat. To this day there are native crested breeds in Iran, Turkey and Southern Russia that are almost certainly closely related to the Poland Fowl.

In more recent times, it became the fashion for wealthy traders and Aristocrats to travel and visit far off lands. By the 15th century at the very least, Many rich Europeans were visiting Russia, Asia Minor and the middle East, and bringing home with them 'souvenirs' from these regions, amongst which were these Quizzical Crested Chickens. From these birds The Poland as we know it really began it's development. Two main Places, Italy and Holland, were the birth place of the modern breed. In Italy they became known as Paduan Fowl, and the harder feathered, leggier, clean faced White crested varieties had their early origins there, as a result of crosses from the original bearded and crested birds, made to the local white lobed Mediterannean Type Laying breeds.

From Southern Europe these Bearded and clean faced Paduan Fowl made it into the hands of those Master Poultry Breeders the Dutch, Who really set to work creating the Chrysanthemum headed birds we know today. So Much so, that by the Nineteenth century, the White crested version of the breed was Known to all as the 'Dutch Crested' fowl. The Poland was principally a Rich persons Novelty breed, a conversation piece to have scratching around in the grounds of one's country House. However, through the infusion of Mediterranean blood some centuries earlier, Polands also Gained a reputation as Capital Layers of Large White eggs. They even received mention from Mrs. Beeton as Excellent 'Everlasting layers', and the Flesh of fattened Polands was regarded as Superior to that of other breeds!

There is still some confusion over the origins of the name Poland as given by the British. Although there are crested fowl breeds native to Poland which are likely to be related to the breed, it is generally believed the name does not denote it's country of origin. The general consensus is that it stems from the word 'Poll' an old English term referring to a rounded head, a term still used in Cattle breeding with naturally hornless breeds being referred to as Polled. There is also a theory that the name could have been an adaption of a closely related breed in Italy known as the Polevara.

Today in the UK,the breed is recognised in two varieties. The Clean faced White Crested and Black Crested types and the bearded Laced and self Colours. Both are found in Large and bantam sizes, and smooth or Frizzle feather types. It is a multicoloured breed with White cresteds found in Black, Blue, Cuckoo, Chocolate, Khaki, Buff, Red, white, crele and Mottled although not all these colours are seen or standardised. The Black crested is found in White and Buff and is extremely rare.
The Bearded Polands are found in Gold Laced, Silver Laced, Chamois, Blue Laced Gold/Silver, Tolbundt, Self Black, White, Blue, Cuckoo and Buff, again not all these coloours are encountered or officially recognised.

Due to their profusely feathered crests,Polands are not an All-Weather, all conditions breed. They fare best in Covered Pens, and will suffer if continually exposed to Wet and Muddy conditions. Their crests are also especially attractive to Northern Mite and Lice, so they need to be checked regularly for infestation. Water is best supplied from narrow lipped gravity Bottle drinkers or 'Bunny' Bottles, as the breed does have the habit of soaking it's crest if it's offered water in conventional poultry drinkers.

The breed is usually Docile and Tame, although cockerels can be aggressive. Polands make excellent layers and rarely go broody. The breed has its own club to Foster its interests, and its Website address is http://www.polandclub.webs.com/
Last edited by Lordcluck on Wed Feb 29, 2012 11:49 am, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: MARCH 2012 breed suggestions?. . . . .

Postby chrismahon » Tue Feb 28, 2012 5:50 pm

Think you've covered it all there Lordcluck -apart from the photos. So any suggestions for April ?
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Re: MARCH 2012 breed suggestions?. . . . .

Postby foxy » Tue Feb 28, 2012 6:14 pm

Thank you Lordcluck an excellent article :-)08 :-)08 I had not idea that Polands had been around for so long! I had wondered why they were called Polands.. :D
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Postby Lordcluck » Wed Feb 29, 2012 9:17 am

Poland pictures. . . . .

Self Black Frizzle Poland Bantam. . . .

Image

White Crested Cuckoo Bantam male. . . . .

Image
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Re: MARCH 2012 breed suggestions?. . . . .

Postby foxy » Wed Feb 29, 2012 10:27 am

Thank you Lordluck will stick it all together as March breed of the month! :-)08 :D
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Re: MARCH 2012 breed suggestions?. . . . .

Postby chrismahon » Wed Feb 29, 2012 5:52 pm

Pretty birds and excellent photos. Bit too many feathers fom the neck up for my taste though.
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Re: MARCH 2012 breed suggestions?. . . . .

Postby Castle Farm » Wed Feb 29, 2012 6:12 pm

Must be bordering on cruelty breeding birds like that. Some chicken breeds are going the same way as pedigree dogs.
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Re: MARCH 2012 breed suggestions?. . . . .

Postby Lordcluck » Wed Feb 29, 2012 7:54 pm

Castle Farm wrote:Must be bordering on cruelty breeding birds like that. Some chicken breeds are going the same way as pedigree dogs.


Yes, there is a point where you should stop exaggerating any feature in any breed of domestic Livestock. This point was realised some time ago in the Poland breed, and led by breeders from the continent, where standards were reviewed and amended to prevent over development of crests, British breeders are also now, on the whole, very careful not to pursue the breeding of ever larger crests.

The Poland is primarily a fanciers breed that does require an extra degree of attention to thrive, but given the correct environment and appropriate husbandry it is as vigorous and productive as any other breed. The fact that it has been around pretty much in it's present form for some 450 years is testimony to it's innate hardiness.
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Re: MARCH 2012 breed suggestions?. . . . .

Postby Sue » Thu Mar 01, 2012 10:34 pm

chrismahon wrote:Pretty birds and excellent photos. Bit too many feathers fom the neck up for my taste though.



Yes, we know you prefer the naked birds Chris!!!!!
In life not everyone follows the same road. Especially if their Sat Nav is broken!
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Re: MARCH 2012 breed suggestions?. . . . .

Postby foxy » Thu Mar 01, 2012 11:14 pm

Sue wrote:
chrismahon wrote:Pretty birds and excellent photos. Bit too many feathers fom the neck up for my taste though.



Yes, we know you prefer the naked birds Chris!!!!!


:D :D :D :shock:
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